Evaluation of calcium hydroxide dressing for short term prevention of coronal leakage

Admin Dental Press

Edition V01N03 | Year 2011 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 27 to 33

Mauro Juvenal Nery, João Eduardo Gomes-filho, Roberto Holland, Valdir De Souza, Pedro Felicio Estrada Bernabé, José Arlindo Otoboni Filho, Elói Dezan Júnior, Thiago Santos Nery, Carolina Simonetti Lodi, Arnaldo Sant’anna Júnior, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cint

Objective: The aim of this in vivo study was to evaluate the influence of coronal leakage on the apical dog’s teeth healing, which were dressed with calcium hydroxide and kept or not in contact with oral environment.
Material and Methods: After biomechanical preparation and filling with calcium hydroxide/saline paste, twenty six root canals were randomly divided into two experimental groups: Group 1 – coronally sealed with temporary restorative material; Group 2 – coronally unsealed. The animals were sacrified after 7 days and the specimens were prepared for histological analysis.
Results: In both groups the results were similar. Inflammatory cells were not present in the apical tissue or in the cementum. Besides, it was observed necrosis in the coronary third surface of the pulp stump and microorganisms were noted just in contact with debris, which were present in the specimens pulp chamber without sealing but not in the root canal.
Conclusion: It was concluded that the calcium hydroxide used as dressing prevented the contamination of the root canal and keeps its mechanism in the apical tissues even under defective sealing in a period of at least 7 days.

Coronal leakage, Calcium hydroxide, Dressing, Healing process,

Nery MJ, Gomes-Filho JE, Holland R, Souza V, Bernabé PFE, Otoboni Filho JA, Dezan Júnior E, Nery TS, Lodi CS, Sant’Anna Júnior A, Cintra LTA. Evaluation of calcium hydroxide dressing for short term prevention of coronal leakage. 2011 Oct-Dec;1(3):27-33.

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