Edition V01N03 | Year 2011 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 88 to 93
Introduction: The present study proposed to determine the antibiotic prescription behavior of endodontic specialists regarding antibiotic administration timing, indication and first choice options.
Methodology: A four-question questionnaire was delivered to 105 endodontists in São Paulo state, Brazil. The results were statistically analyzed.
Results: Within the interviewed specialists, 48.5% were male and 51.5% female. Amoxicillin was the first choice antibiotic for 84.7% of professionals. For a scenario of penicillin allergic patients, 47.6% would prescribe clindamycin and 42.8% azithromycin. The great majority (79%) indicates antibiotics administration for a period of 5 to 7 days. Close to one third of interviewed individuals inadequately indicated antibiotic therapy.
Conclusion: The majority of professionals were able to correctly select the antibiotic for non-allergic and penicillin allergic patients, as well as regarding the administration timing. On the other hand, there are still professionals inappropriately applying antibiotic therapies, favoring bacterial resistance.